Kidney Stone (PCNL) Treatment in Nagpur

Kidney stones, also known as renal calculi, are solid mineral and salt deposits that form in the kidneys. They can vary in size from tiny grains to large stones that can obstruct the urinary tract. Kidney stones are primarily composed of calcium oxalate, but they can also contain other substances such as uric acid, struvite, or cystine.

Causes of Kidney Stones

Several factors contribute to the formation of kidney stones:

  • Dehydration: Insufficient fluid intake can lead to concentrated urine, increasing the risk of stone formation.
  • Diet: High intake of certain foods rich in oxalates, calcium, or purines can promote stone formation.
  • Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as hyperparathyroidism, gout, urinary tract infections, and metabolic disorders, can increase the risk of kidney stones.
  • Family history: Genetic factors can predispose individuals to kidney stone formation.
  • Obesity and certain medications may also increase the risk.
Symptoms of Kidney Stones

Kidney stones can cause intense pain as they move through the urinary tract. Common symptoms include:

  • Severe pain in the back, side, abdomen, or groin
  • Painful urination
  • Blood in the urine (hematuria)
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fever and chills (if there is an associated infection)
Types of Surgeries for Kidney Stones

When kidney stones are too large to pass on their own or are causing severe symptoms, surgical intervention may be necessary. Common surgical procedures for kidney stones include:

  • Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL): Uses shock waves to break up stones into smaller pieces that can be passed in the urine.
  • Ureteroscopy (URS): Involves inserting a thin, flexible scope into the ureter and kidney to locate and remove stones using small tools or laser energy.
  • Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL): A minimally invasive procedure that involves making a small incision in the back and using a nephroscope to remove large or complex kidney stones.
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) Detailed Information

PCNL is typically performed under general anesthesia and involves the following steps:

  • A small incision is made in the back, and a nephroscope (a thin, tube-like instrument with a camera) is inserted directly into the kidney.
  • The surgeon locates the kidney stone(s) and uses specialized tools to break them into smaller fragments.
  • The stone fragments are then removed through the nephroscope or flushed out using suction or irrigation.
  • A nephrostomy tube may be placed temporarily to drain urine and any residual stone fragments.
  • PCNL is particularly effective for large or complex kidney stones and often results in minimal pain and a shorter recovery time compared to traditional open surgery.
Advantages of Kidney Stones
  • Effective for large or complex kidney stones that cannot be treated with other methods.
  • Minimally invasive approach with smaller incisions and shorter recovery time compared to open surgery.
  • High success rates in completely removing kidney stones and relieving associated symptoms.
Disadvantages of Kidney Stones
  • Risk of complications such as bleeding, infection, injury to surrounding organs, or residual stone fragments.
  • Requires general anesthesia and may involve longer hospital stays compared to less invasive procedures like ESWL or URS.
Precautions after Kidney Stones Surgery
  • Follow postoperative instructions provided by your healthcare provider, including dietary restrictions, activity limitations, and medication schedules.
  • Stay well-hydrated to help flush out any remaining stone fragments and prevent new stone formation.
  • Attend follow-up appointments for monitoring and evaluation of kidney function and stone recurrence.
  • Report any persistent pain, fever, or other symptoms to your healthcare provider promptly.
Call For Kidney Stone (PCNL) Treatment in Nagpur : + 91 7020344298