Prostate (TURP) Treatment in Nagpur

The prostate is a small gland located below the bladder and in front of the rectum in males. It surrounds the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body. The prostate gland’s main function is to produce seminal fluid, which nourishes and transports sperm.

Symptoms of Prostate Problems

Prostate problems can manifest in various ways, including:

  • Frequent urination, especially at night (nocturia)
  • Difficulty starting or maintaining urination
  • Weak or interrupted urine flow
  • Pain or burning sensation during urination
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Pain or discomfort in the pelvic area or lower back
Causes of Prostate Problems

Several factors can contribute to prostate issues, including:

  • Aging: The prostate gland tends to enlarge with age, which can lead to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or prostate cancer.
  • Hormonal changes: Fluctuations in hormone levels, particularly testosterone and dihydrotestosterone (DHT), can influence prostate growth.
  • Family history: Genetics play a role in prostate health, and men with a family history of prostate problems are at higher risk.
  • Lifestyle factors: Poor diet, lack of exercise, obesity, and certain medications can also affect prostate health.
Types of Treatment for Prostate Problems

Treatment options for prostate problems depend on the specific condition and its severity. Common treatments include:

Watchful Waiting or Active Surveillance:

  • For mild symptoms or slow-growing prostate cancer, doctors may recommend monitoring the condition without immediate intervention.


  • Alpha-blockers: Relax the muscles around the prostate and bladder neck to improve urine flow.
  • 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors: Reduce the production of DHT, which can shrink the prostate gland over time.
  • Hormonal therapy: Used in prostate cancer treatment to suppress testosterone levels and slow cancer growth.
Minimally Invasive Procedures
  • Transurethral Microwave Therapy (TUMT)
  • Transurethral Needle Ablation (TUNA)
  • Prostatic Urethral Lift (UroLift) These procedures aim to relieve urinary symptoms by reducing prostate tissue without the need for open surgery.
Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)
  • Involves removing excess prostate tissue using a resectoscope inserted through the urethra.

Open Prostatectomy:

  • Reserved for very large prostates, this procedure involves making an incision in the abdomen or perineum to remove the enlarged prostate tissue.

Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy:

  • Minimally invasive surgery performed with the assistance of a robotic system, offering precision and faster recovery compared to open surgery.
Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP) Detailed Information

TURP is a common surgical procedure used to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) when medications fail to provide adequate relief. During TURP:

  • A special instrument called a resectoscope is inserted into the urethra.
  • The resectoscope has a wire loop at its end, which is used to remove excess prostate tissue that is blocking urine flow.
  • The removed tissue is then flushed out of the bladder.
  • TURP is performed under general or spinal anesthesia and typically requires a short hospital stay.
  • Recovery time is relatively quick, although patients may experience temporary urinary symptoms such as urgency, frequency, or burning during urination.
  • TURP is considered highly effective in relieving urinary symptoms associated with BPH and has a low risk of long-term complications. However, like any surgery, it carries some risks, including bleeding, infection, urinary incontinence, and erectile dysfunction.
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